Nepal is endowed with rich and varied biodiversity. Altitudinal variances in short distance give Nepal's biogeography variety that range from lush moist forests and sparse alpine deserts to luxurious grasslands in lowland Terai. The mountainous country also shelters some of the world's most rare animals.Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park and Chitwan National Park with typical natural, cultural and landscapecharacteristics were listed as World Heritage sites in 1979 and 1984, respectively.
With the early emphasis on species conservation, the Department’s present priority stresses a conciliatory approach with participatory management of biodiversity. The specific activities of the Department are:
Conservation of endangered and other wildlife species.
Scientific management of habitat for wildlife species.
Creation of buffer zones in and around parks and reserves for the sustainable management of forest resources.
Regulated eco-tourism to improve socio-economic condition of local communities.
Creating awareness of the importance of wildlife conservation through conservation education
Some Related link About the Conservation area and National parks
Listed of National park and conservation Area in Nepal
landmass of 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi) occupies the central part of the
Himalayas between the Palearctic and Indomalaya ecozones. Altitude ranges from
67 m above sea level in the south-eastern Terai to 8,848 m at Sagarmatha within
a short horizontal span. This extreme altitudinal gradient has resulted in 11
bio-climatic zones ranging from lower tropical below 500 m to nival above 5000
m in the High Himalaya, encompassing nine terrestrial ecoregions with 36
vegetation types. Botanists recorded 1,120 species of non-flowering plants and
5,160 species of flowering plants. Nepal ranks 10th in terms of richest
flowering plant diversity in Asia. Zoologists recorded 181 mammal species, 844
bird species, 100 reptile species, 43 amphibian species, 185 freshwater fish
species, and 635 butterfly species. In recognition of the magnitude of
biodiversity the Government of Nepal has established a network of 17 protected
areas since 1973, consisting of ten national parks, three wildlife reserves,
three conservation areas and one hunting reserve. Additionally, three Ramsar
sites were declared in 2003.